Transformation of food systems through agroecology recognized at COP28
Although there were no negotiations on food systems during COP28, it is important to note that the declaration on sustainable agriculture, resilient food systems and climate action was signed by over 150 parties on the one hand, and on the other the roadmap to eradicate world hunger without exceeding 1.5 degrees of global warming was launched by the FAO on December 10 in Dubai.
These two results obtained during COP28 put the transformation of food systems through agroecology at the heart of the debate. This was the wish of many of the players taking part in COP28, including the Service d’Appui aux Initiatives Locales de Développement (SAILD). SAILD, together with its partners, including some twenty NGOs in the Network for the Promotion of Agroecology in Cameroon (NEPAC), joined with other civil society organizations present in Dubai to emphasize the need to take into account the transformation of food systems in the fight against climate change. “We hope that governments and other political decision-makers will give a significant place to agroecology in the COP28 resolutions”; these were the words used by Rodrigue Kouang to highlight SAILD’s expectations of this conference of the parties on climate change, in an interview with agroecology coalition.
During the day dedicated to food, agriculture and water at COP28, SAILD took part in half a dozen events devoted to exchanges on agroecology and climate. It is clear that agroecology in its three dimensions (practices, science and social movement) has the potential to make a significant contribution to mitigating and adapting to climate change. But for this potential to be realized, several speakers mentioned a number of conditions that need to be met: investment in producers at grassroots level, investment in education at all levels, and appropriate public policies including incentives. These three main conditions had already been taken up in the strategy for promoting agroecology implemented by NEPAC, which has positioned itself as a major player in favor of agroecological transition in Cameroon.